I am confused to find objects of catenative verbs , for example i was looking for the verb refuse and it's transitive and intransitive when i found some examples from oxford dictionary but still not able to clearely find the object, here some examples
- He flatly refused to discuss the matter
please where is the object
- My brother refused to allow anyone to help him
.please where is the object`
- He has steadfastly refused to answer my questions.
Please could you help me to understand when the verb refuse is transitive or intransitive in the given examlples .if not please give me more complicated examples of when the verb refuse plus to infinitives is intransitive or transitive. Thank you