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I have a difficult time to analyse "it" as the true/logical subject or preparatory subject in a article, like this sentence:

In rejecting probability, and the larger area of mathematical statistics within which it belonged, China's statisticians discarded a large array of techniques, none more critical than the era's newest and most exciting fact generating technology—large-scale random sampling.

From Aeon article " Counting China"

Would you please help me understanding the it refer to...

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    "It" probably refers to "probability". And note that the dash after "technology" should be an em-dash, not a hyphen.
    – Hot Licks
    Commented Aug 18, 2020 at 17:23
  • 1
    It has "probability" as antecedent, (the larger area of mathematical statistics within which probability belonged).
    – BillJ
    Commented Aug 18, 2020 at 17:25
  • Thank you, Hot Licks. I edited the em-dash after “ technology ”. And thank your for the answer.
    – sho
    Commented Aug 18, 2020 at 17:47
  • Thank you, Bill J.
    – sho
    Commented Aug 18, 2020 at 17:48

1 Answer 1

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"It" refers to "probability" because probability theory is a part of statistical science according to a certain point of view (ref.).

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  • Thank you, LPH.
    – sho
    Commented Aug 18, 2020 at 17:49

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