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Would it be correct to use "who" or "whom" in the following sentence?

Industrialization in the USSR did not provide a better life for many soviets, especially the peasants, who(m) Stalin claimed would benefit most from a communist nation.

I believe it would be "who" because it is the subject of "would benefit," but I'm still a little bit confused. I also tried to use the heuristic where you replace "who" or "whom" with either "he" or "him," and I believe it would be "...Stalin claimed he would benefit most..."

Thanks for your help!

Note: I know that there are many “who vs. whom” questions already on this site, but I believe that mine is distinct because there are multiple verbs. I have searched for similar questions before, but I couldn’t find them (maybe I just didn’t search well enough). I think that calling this question a duplicate (unless there is another question very similar to mine) would make it harder for people like me to find an answer to their question. Thanks!

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    Yes, who is correct. Using whom here would be a common mistake made with reporting verbs (see under Avoid this mistake with whom: lexico.com/grammar/who-or-whom). There are many answers on this site re: who/whom. See them for more info on that. – KannE Jul 26 at 7:28
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    Does this answer your question? What’s the rule for using “who” and “whom” correctly? – Mari-Lou A Jul 26 at 7:34
  • @KannE Perfect answer! Thank you for your help. Quick question: do you know how to mark my original question as answered (or do I just leave it alone)? – user392938 Jul 26 at 7:36
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    @Mari-LouA I'm sorry, I'll be sure to include that next time. This was my first post, so thanks for letting me know that I should include that information. – user392938 Jul 26 at 7:44
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    @John You mark your question as answered by clicking the tick next to the answer which answered it. Comments aren't answers. See the first part of the Tour. – Andrew Leach Jul 27 at 7:05
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Industrialization in the USSR did not provide a better life for many soviets, especially the peasants, who(m) Stalin claimed [___ would benefit most from a communist nation].

The pronoun is not object of "claimed" but subject of the embedded "would benefit" clause (bracketed), so subjective "who" (not objective "whom") is correct.

We understand that many soviets, especially the peasants would benefit most from a communist nation.

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By parsing the sentence, we can figure out whether we should use “who” (subjective) or “whom” (objective).

...especially the peasants, who(m) Stalin claimed would benefit most from a communist nation.

Stalin isn’t claiming “who(m).” Instead, “who(m)” is the subject of “would,” so “who” is the correct pronoun.

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  • Thank you for your answer. It was helpful, but my question has already been answered. – user392938 Aug 3 at 4:56

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