I'm proofreading an academic paper and have come across the following:
"This process, as Smith analyses, is a way to reflect on..."
Intuitively I'd prefer
"This process, as Smith explains/says/states, is a way to...'
I've come to the (possibly wrong) conclusion that it's somehow because these verbs can take 'that' as a complementiser/conjunction (or in the case of 'says', take a null complementiser):
"Smith says that it's possible..."/"Smith says it's possible..."
"Smith explains that..."
"Smith states that..."
While 'analyse' is a bit murkier to me:
?"Smith analyses that it's possible..."
However, I also think that 'analyse' bears a different semantic weight to 'say/state/explain', and I'd really like to keep (at least some of) its meaning, rather than just evade all this and change to 'say/state/explain'. I've tried substituting 'explore', 'investigate' and 'discuss' but I'm not sure that I'm not running up against the same problem with each of them. So my question, in two parts, is: a) Is my intuitive preference actually legit, or should I not worry about it and accept "as Smith analyses"? b) If my intuition is legit, is there a verb that acts structurally like one of those verbs that takes 'that', while remaining similar to the meaning of 'analyse'? Are 'explore/investigate/discuss' perhaps more satisfactory?
Apologies if this is a duplicate question - I made a few searches but wasn't sure how to frame the keywords, so was unsuccessful. Annoyingly I feel sure that I've come across this in my work before, but can't remember how/if I resolved it at the time...