I'm reading Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations and I keep seeing these chronologic references to reigns of kings and queens in England:

By the 12th of Queen Anne, too, stat. 1, c. 18

What do "by the 12th", "stat. 1" and "c. 18" mean?


This is a legal reference. It means something like "By the twelfth year of the reign of Queen Anne, too, the first statute of the session of Parliament for that year, chapter 18."


Since Anne reigned from 1702-1714, her twelfth year was her final year.

  • 1
    Or her 13th year? – Xanne Jul 17 '20 at 0:40
  • 7 March to 1 August 1714 was all that she had of her thirteenth year. – Andrew Leach Jul 17 '20 at 9:56

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.