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Which of the following sentences is correct? If both are correct, what is the difference in meaning between these two sentences?

  1. A majority of voters approved changes to Russia’s Constitution that would allow president Vladimir Putin to hold power until 2036.

  2. A majority of voters approved changes to Russia’s Constitution that will allow president Vladimir Putin to hold power until 2036.

I know that because the sentence is in the past tense, we should use would.

But considering that the Constitution is still allowing this, and will allow it for some time in the future, can’t we use will?

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  • (1') A majority of voters approved changes to Russia's constitution that would, if passed into law, allow president Vladimir Putin to hold power until 2036. // (2') A majority of voters approved changes to Russia's constitution. These changes will, when passed into law, allow president valdmir Putin to hold power until 2036. >> The 'will' variant conveys far more certainty that this is going to happen. But then nothing man forecasts is certain; Sheffield shops were pretty sure they could re-open this week. – Edwin Ashworth Jul 2 '20 at 13:20
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    Does this answer your question? "Changes would not be reflected" vs. "Changes will not be reflected" – Edwin Ashworth Jul 2 '20 at 15:36
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Both are correct. "Would" = it allows Putin to do it but he won't definitely do it. "Will allow" = same as would except it sounds more certain that Putin will do it.

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