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For example in this sentence: Brett reads a massive textbook, scribbling notes at his desk. The second park, scribbling notes at his desk, has to be some sort of dependent clause because it can't stand on it's own. But is it valid or do you need some sort of conjunction, like replacing the comma with "while" or something similar?

Someone said a phrase like this might be considered an adverbial clause or something similar but I'm not familiar with them. I feel like the sentence format is common, but is it correct? Thanks!

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These are valid and do not require the addition of any other words.

The example given is a depictive adjunct which has the subject of the main clause undersood as its subject. It gives us more information about the subject. (CaGEL p1265)

These same constructions can also be adjuncts of purpose, describe a resultant situation or give a reason. Since they're not marked by some other element like because, as, while, etc., their relation to the main clause is left up to interpretation.

Looking for more firewood, Brett ventured deeper into the woods.

Brett fell into a deep pit, breaking his ankle.

Being unable to walk on his own, Brett dragged himself back to camp.

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