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  1. Father bought a car which is BMW.

Is it right to say:

—> Father bought a BMW car

  1. The apples that are lying on the table are bad.

Are these correct grammatically:

—> the apples lying on the table are bad. —> the lying apples are on the table.

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    "Father bought a car which is BMW" is not ungrammatical, but would not normally be said by a native speaker. "Father bought a BMW" is idiomatic. // "The apples lying on the table are bad" is fine if a little starchy / highfalutin / contrived (idiomatic is "The apples on the table are bad"). "The lying apples are on the table" is awful; 'lying' used before a noun almost always means 'telling lies'. Jun 10 '20 at 18:32
  • One-word modifers go before the noun they modify (hyphens make multiple words into one-word). Modifiers of more than one word go after the word they modify. This is sometimes known as the Eleven-Year-Old Boy rule: both an eleven-year-old boy and a boy eleven years old are grammatical. In the example, lying on the table is a modifier of more than one word and therefore can't be separated and moved to the front. Jun 10 '20 at 23:03
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'Father bought a BMW' is the most natural way to express this, unless you want to contrast with some other mode of transport produced by BMW, such as in

'Father bought a BMW car (, and not a BMW moto).'

The other expressions are fine, except

The lying apples are on the table

sounds funny because my first reaction to this sentence is that you are saying that the apples are liars, because 'lying' is the ing form of 'to lie', which means both to recline and to tell a lie (fib, untruth). To avoid this, stick with 'the apples are lying on the table'.

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