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  1. Long before Covid-19, domestic violence was recognised by the World Health Organisation as a “global health problem of epidemic proportions” or
  2. Long before Covid-19, domestic violence has been recognised by the World Health Organisation as a “global health problem of epidemic proportions” which one is correct?

I am sure that domestic violence is still consider as global heath problem so in that case 1) would be wrong?

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  • At some specific point in time, WHO officially recognized it as a problem. – Cascabel May 1 '20 at 17:05
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I would do the following to avoid passive voice and make the wording more powerful.

Long before COVID-19, the World Health Organisation recognized domestic violence as a “global health problem of epidemic proportions”.

To keep the original phrasing, consider the intent of was and has been. If you want to indicate that they made an official declaration at a particular point, then go with was. Otherwise, if you want to indicate that they continually made this point, has been would make sense.

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