According to dictionary.cambridge.org, it is allowable to consult printed or otherwise copied and stored sources of information:
Consult: v. t.
to get information or advice from a person, book, etc. with
special knowledge on a particular subject:
"If the symptoms get worse,
consult your doctor."
"I'm not quite sure how to get there - I'd better consult a map."
The usage that you suggested, "...the works that I was able to consult", is idiomatic (to my native English) as well as correct. That is, it is (cambridge dictionary) "natural in expression, correct without being too formal". Here are some examples with similar construction, which I found using ludwig:
"Making fiction about the forties was like trying to speak a foreign language by consulting a grammar book." (https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/10/16/jennifer-egans-travels-through-time/amp)
"Consult a stamp reference book or online resource to determine value. Now that you’ve identified the stamp and any flaws in its condition, head back to your stamp reference book to begin to understand its value." (https://www.wikihow.com/Find-the-Value-of-a-Stamp)
"Being able to consult a library of biosignatures, however, will undoubtedly prove helpful." (https://www.newyorker.com/tech/elements/exoplanet-biosignature-color-alien-life)
"If you are able to consult the correct time, adjust the minute hand accordingly and press the stem all the way in on the exact second." (CMOS, cited in linguisticum's answer at Enumerate reasons after because)