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I have a simple question regarding anaphoric reference to time.

ex) How is the weather in New York next Monday?

and for the next sentence I want to make an anaphoric reference to Monday.

say the next sentence was:

(assuming weather is good) Remind me to make an appointment with my doctor on Monday.

In this sentence, what would be an appropriate anapahora for Monday?

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  • "If I could save time in a bottle ..." Oops!! That's an amphora!
    – Hot Licks
    Apr 23, 2020 at 12:32
  • It's unclear. Could be remind me, could be make an appointment, could be with my doctor. Remind me next Monday - maybe - make the appointment on Monday - more likely - but most likely it means I want to see the doc on Monday. So the reference is to a Monday appointment. Apr 24, 2020 at 23:15

1 Answer 1

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You may want to use a referential pronoun to replace the second use of Monday. For circumstances of time, English is fairly limited, having only two demonstrative adverbs for time (now and then) so the sentence could be:

"Remind me to make an appointment with my doctor then"

and the listener can resolve the meaning then to be on Monday.

Otherwise, English makes use of other demonstrative words to make time reference, with phrases such as at that time or on that day. Strictly speaking, the second mention of Monday implicitly makes anaphoric reference to the first mention of Monday. Explicit marking of the anaphoric relationship is not necessary, especially when replacing the word Monday with then would make the sentence less clear, and making the connection more explicit with that Monday would make the sentence more unwieldy.


Source: Halliday, M. A. K., & Hasan, R. (2014). Cohesion in english. Routledge.

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    Thank you so much
    – user382402
    Apr 23, 2020 at 8:50

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