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I've been doing some geneaology and found an ancestor in the 1841 Scottish Census with an occupation of "Rood Lebaxer". This person lived in Southern Scotland so I'm guessing they would have been heavily influenced by English.

"Rood" can be found on Wikipedia. It is a form of measurement in both English and Scots, but also could be used as a word for "pole". Assuming it is spelt correctly, I'm wondering what "Lebaxer" might mean.

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    A rood can also be a cross, as in The Dream of the Rood, a very old Christian poem in Old English.
    – Robusto
    Apr 16, 2020 at 21:52
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    I'm tempted to believe that it refers to a surveyor of some sort.
    – Hot Licks
    Apr 16, 2020 at 23:04
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    labach, labbich, llabbach are in the Scottish National Dictionary (dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/laib) but I can't find anything closer to Lebaxer. I could imagine a Scottish 'ch' being written as 'x(er)'. And Rood (dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/rude_adj_1) might mean 'inexperienced' (or worse!) Apr 16, 2020 at 23:40
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    Lebaxer may be a mistranscription of laborer.
    – Xanne
    Apr 17, 2020 at 5:03
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    Are you working from a handwritten text like this? nrscotland.gov.uk/files//images/… A "rood labourer" would be an agricultural worker.
    – TimR
    Dec 29, 2023 at 12:23

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"Baxer" might be a variant of "Baxter" which means "Baker." Surnames of occupation often began with a 'le' meaning "the" as in "Giles le Baxter" meaning "Giles the Baker." These are medieval, and English, not Scottish, but might indiciatea line of inquiry. If cross-shaped loaves of bread, or "hot cross bun" style of loaves was something in Scotland before the time of the entry, then "rood the baker (of)" might be a formation. Merely conjectures and my source is Reaney, P.H. "A Dictionary of English Surnames" (OUP, 1997) with big arrow to "English."

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