I have the following sentence and need help from you:

"All introduced approaches lead to good results."

Is it correct to use it this way or do I have to say:

"All approaches introduced lead to good results."

I'd appreciate every comment.


From this ngram can be extracted the following cases.

  • the impact of introduced plants
  • ~ Forest Trees
  • ~ trees of Central California
  • ~ Mammals of the world
  • ~ Species in the Nordic Countries
  • Guide to ~ Pest Animals
  • ~ animals
  • New Record of ~ Hosts for thr Mountain Pine Beetle
  • ~ weeds
  • ~ Plants and Animals

There is not a single case of this participial adjective being used as a postmodifier. The same is true for all participial adjectives except when they have a complement; they are then placed after and are not considered as adjectives but as the verbal form in an adjectival participial phrase.

  • All approaches introduced first/with haste/prematurely/etc. lead to …
  • Thanks LPH for your answer. Unfortunately I have to admit that I do not understand your answer at all. So would you rather use 'All introduced approaches...' or 'All approaches introduced...'?
    – PeterBe
    Apr 15 '20 at 9:37
  • 1
    @PeterBe Only 'All introduced approaches...'; apparently, there are no exceptions to the rule of placing the participial adjectives before, as for normally all adjectives. this is true for -ing and -ed adjectives.
    – LPH
    Apr 15 '20 at 9:41
  • Thanks for your answer LPH. What if the sentence would be: "All introduced approaches by NAME". Would you then change it to "All approaches introduced by NAME"?
    – PeterBe
    Apr 15 '20 at 9:44
  • @PeterBe Right. That's exactly what I was trying to explain; your example is another instance of this principle.
    – LPH
    Apr 15 '20 at 9:47
  • Thanks LPH for your comment. If I understood correctly you would use "All approaches introduced by NAME" but without the NAME you would use 'All introduced approaches...'
    – PeterBe
    Apr 15 '20 at 9:59

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