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"This"is used to specify objects placed closer. "It "is used for non living things I have seen sentences like This is a pen. My question is It is a pen. .. ..... is correct? Why can't we use" it" in place of "this" since " it " also refers to non living things.

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This is used when pointing out or identifying a nearby object. Once identified, you would use it.

What is this? It is a pen.

Whose book is this? It is my aunt's.

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