I know that question was already asked on this site, but I'm not sure in the answer I read about. So, the question is could passive voice exist without the verb 'be'? Here are examples:

  1. Mission is accomplished.

  2. The usual "mission accomplished" message.

In the first case, we have a passive voice. In second, I believe, too. But which of them is right? I guess both are.

P.S. I read about this that this is called 'middle voice'. And something about verbs we can use in a passive voice without 'be', regardless I would like to get an answer.

  • 2
    Partly it's just "headline English" (sometimes called "telegraphic"), where non-critical words are left out. Consider that with old telegrams you paid by the word.
    – Hot Licks
    Commented Mar 16, 2020 at 20:41
  • 1
    This is not a middle voice (alternatively called the mediopassive or activo-passive), an example of which is This book reads well.
    – Shoe
    Commented Apr 16, 2020 at 7:54

1 Answer 1


In English, the present participle and the past participle have adjectival properties:

The running man = the man who runs/is running - The present participle expresses an active verb.

The beaten man = the man who was/has been beaten - the past participle expressed a passive form.

Mission accomplished is therefore passive = the mission has been accomplished.

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