Can you say that something is more souther or more easter than a specific place? How do you give the comparative and superlative forms for North, East, South and West.

I am writing a book, and to explain the positions of my countries I need to use phrases like "A is more souther than B", while having looked up, the word "souther" apparently doesn't exist.

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    You wouldn't say "more souther" in any case, would you? It would be "more south" or "souther". (But neither of these is correct English.) – TonyK Mar 6 at 15:23
  • "More southerly", "more easterly" etc as @ Weather Vane points out. – WS2 Mar 6 at 18:09
  • Is this question only about the comparatives, as the title indicates, or also about the superlatives, which are mentioned in the body of the question? The words southernmost, westernmost, etc. function as superlatives of southern, western, etc., even though they are not formed in the way superlatives normally are. – jsw29 Mar 6 at 18:48
  • @jsw29 also superlatives, all forms with sky directions – Harold Ed Mar 6 at 18:53
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    Incidentally, I don't think many native speakers would call north, south, etc 'sky' directions, I think most of us would call them compass directions. – High Performance Mark Mar 6 at 19:51

I add the word southerly which Lexico says is an


1 Lying or moving in a southward position or direction.

So if place B is already considered to be in a southern location then

A is more southerly than B

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    Spot on! Some may get out the Google Ngrams to try and tell you otherwise. But rest assured your answer reflects the Queen's English. – WS2 Mar 6 at 18:07
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    @WS2 thank you. Someone downvoted this at first but then relented. – Weather Vane Mar 6 at 18:08
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    Yes, they do exist, and can also be used as a noun. A "westerly" is wind coming from the west. Note that "southerly" has one difference in that it is not pronounced like "south" but with a u as in "but". The others are pronounced as you would expect. – Weather Vane Mar 6 at 18:54
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    @AnatolyWein As do south-westerly, north-easterly etc. They are not only used for winds, but for all sorts of things. The winds in southern England are predominantly from the south-west, and so Heathrow Airport is mostly on easterlies - meaning aircraft land and take off in an easterly direction. When the wind switches to the noth-east (very cold) Heathrow switches to westerlies. – WS2 Mar 6 at 20:01
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    I don't think I could possibly hear "Florida is more southerly than New York." without thinking "Southerly what?" – Greybeard Mar 6 at 21:42

I need to use phrases like "A is more souther than B",

"A is further south than B"

https://brilliantmaps.com/cities-transposed-latitude/ "London (51°30′N) is farther north than Calgary (51°03′N) with Amsterdam, Berlin and Dublin being located even further north."

It seems that farther and further are used indiscriminately... I would use "further".

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  • I think this is the best answer. You can say "to the south of" if B is directly south from A (and usually relatively close, the implication being you can find B by going to A and then heading south). – Max Williams Mar 6 at 16:23

You would generally say "further South/East/West/North than"

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  • But apparently the word "southern" exists. Yet easter(n) does not. Are there any other ways to say that? – Harold Ed Mar 6 at 14:49
  • Eastern exists as well as does Northern and Western. The -ern suffix means that something belongs to the region in that direction, so, for example one might talk of, e.g., Western libertarians referring to the rural libertarian-leaning people in the American West. – Donald Hosek Mar 6 at 14:53
  • merriam-webster.com/dictionary/eastern Adjective forms of each cardinal direction exists. – JRodge01 Mar 6 at 14:53

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