I'm aware of the term "exometeorology", but that seems to connote meteorology on exoplanets outside our solar system. I'm wondering if there's a single word I can use to refer to meteorology on Venus or Mars, i.e.,

The Venera 12 missions returned a wealth of data that was useful to the terrestrial planet meteorology community.

dictionary.com doesn't have a definition for exometeorology, anyway.

  • Does the definition of meteorology exclude the atmospheric sciences on planets other than Earth? Feb 28, 2020 at 6:00
  • Since meteorology is about weather patterns, it is not specific to earth. But the study of weather patterns is specific to earth as that is where all the meteorologists are who study it. If one wishes to refer to weather elsewhere than on earth, one must specify the location as it will, otherwise (quite properly) be assumed that earth is the focus. Venusian and Martian meteorology would be my guess at the answer.
    – Nigel J
    Feb 28, 2020 at 6:41
  • @NigelJ there are absolutely meteorologists who focus on other planets, in fact, they're hot fields of study at the moment. A cursory Google Scholar search for "Venus meteorology" yields about 23,600 papers. I'd imagine context matters. When talking about Mars, one needn't say "martian meteorologists" over and over, correct?
    – Ben S.
    Feb 28, 2020 at 21:47

2 Answers 2


Not a single word, but planetary meteorology seems to fit the bill (as opposed to terrestrial meteorology). It requires some particular reading of the words though (ie, planetary to mean non-Earth planets, and terrestrial to mean Earth), but it has been done. See, for example, https://global.jaxa.jp/article/special/explore/imamura02_e.html

Japan is one of the leading countries in the field of terrestrial meteorology. With that background, I believe that we can lead the research of planetary meteorology as well.

Another candidate is extra-terrestrial meteorology. See, for example, https://www.worldcat.org/title/horizon-the-weirdest-weather-in-the-universe/oclc/1089752078

Now scientists have started looking to the heavens and wondering what the weather might be like on other planets. Today, we are witnessing the birth of extra-terrestrial meteorology, as technology is allowing astronomers to study the weather on other planets like never before.

Or https://www.scisnack.com/2017/10/17/meteorology-is-out-of-this-world-extra-terrestrial-meteorology/

So just as investigating Earthly weather can tell us about processes occurring on other planets, delving into extra-terrestrial meteorology can shed some light on how our own atmosphere does, or does not behave.


Meteorology is the process of examining phenomena and atmosphere patterns to predict the weather. The word is the same regardless of which planet you're talking about. For example, "The meteorology on Earth is different from the meteorology on Mars."

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