In the following noun phrase, is the prepositional phrase from Lloyds complement or adjunct/modifier?

even all the preposterous salary from Lloyds that Bill gets

The Cambridge Grammar of The English Language (by Huddleston and Pullum) marks the PP as complement in the following tree diagram, but I'm not sure.

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The reason I'm not sure about it being complement is twofold. Semantically, the noun salary doesn't seem to license the PP. Syntactically, the PP is a sister to N' (= Head: Nom) and a daughter to N', which means that the PP is an adjunct (a modifier in CGEL) in X-bar theory.

  • Why "not sure?"
    – Kris
    Feb 6 '20 at 9:11
  • @Kris See my edit.
    – JK2
    Feb 6 '20 at 9:29
  • Trying to analyse from a basic understanding about language (rather than through the filter of some particular approach), I think that there's a grey area, a sliding scale in ' "adjunctness" ' vs 'a "necessary" part of the immediate string'. Of course, this hinges on what is deemed 'necessary', and – when one gets to particular types of grammar – how 'complement' etc are chosen to be defined.... Feb 6 '20 at 11:30
  • Obviously, 'preposterous' is a separate evaluatory adjective, which could be omitted (though even here, deletion would leave a string not sounding as natural). It can be argued that 'salary from Lloyds' is cohesive enough to mean that deletion of the PP (while grammatically no problem) alters a unit (though not as much as deleting say 'peanut' in 'peanut butter'). Is 'salary from Lloyds' being seen as more cohesive than 'a man from Eccles' or less cohesive than 'a bolt from the blue'? Feb 6 '20 at 11:30
  • @EdwinAshworth If it really is a complement, how come salary is combined first with preposterous (an adjunct) and then with from Lloyds? What I'm saying is that the tree structure is treating from Lloyds as an adjunct.
    – JK2
    Feb 6 '20 at 11:40

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