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There is a well known part of speech called "adverbs". However, many adverbs are not grammatically interchangeable with each other. From Wikipedia:

Adverbs are traditionally regarded as one of the parts of speech. However, modern linguists note that the term "adverb" has come to be used as a kind of "catch-all" category, used to classify words with various different types of syntactic behavior, not necessarily having much in common except that they do not fit into any of the other available categories (noun, adjective, preposition, etc.)

Adverbs as a "catch-all" category

  • She gave birth naturally.
  • Naturally, she gave birth. different meaning of "naturally"
  • Perry is very fast.
  • *Perry very won the race. only some adverbs can go in this position
  • The sock looks good there.
  • *It is a there beautiful sock. only some adverbs can go in this position

What can we call groups like this?

Adverbs are not always grammatically interchangeable because they are ____. This means we have to classify this word group into specific subgroups before they can be truly useful.

I'm looking for a generic term, not one specific to linguistic terminology. Noun, adjective, it doesn't matter. Feel free to completely reword the example sentence as long as the phrase is relatively simple. It would be good if the phrase could also be used as a label:

Adverbs (____)

Heterogeneous has the meaning I want (not all the members are the same, but some can be; different from all members being different), but neither it nor any of its single word synonyms are plain enough for me:

I think it's unlikely a single word will get the meaning across in a way that most people would understand, so a phrase seems more likely. The best I can come up with so far is "uneven group":

Adverbs (uneven group)

Adverbs are not always grammatically interchangeable because they are an uneven group.

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    Non-interchangeable?
    – Lawrence
    Feb 2, 2020 at 5:56
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    Could you give examples of adverbs which, in your sense, are grammatically interchangeable and those which are not? I'm struggling to understand your question.
    – BoldBen
    Feb 2, 2020 at 13:07
  • @BoldBen Done, plus a link to the Wikipedia article where the claim and the examples come from. However, don't focus on the adverbs! I want answers that focus on describing the grouping.
    – CJ Dennis
    Feb 3, 2020 at 21:25
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    The problem here starts with the word interchangeable. The collection of adverbs is very general. Not all members of the collection have the same properties. This is the general (i.e. expected) case, and as a result there is no special word to describe it, at least in plain English. Feb 3, 2020 at 23:17
  • In the context given I'd simply write Adverbs are not always grammatically interchangeable. This means we have to classify this word group into specific subgroups before they can be truly useful. then, having established their pesky nature you can simply call them adverbs. Feb 4, 2020 at 6:15

3 Answers 3

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I just stumbled across a set of words that I think will do the job, even though they're not everyday words:

  • monophyletic
  • paraphyletic
  • polyphyletic

These words are used in descriptions of evolutionary trees: monophyletic groups of species are all species descended from the same ancestor (a complete group), paraphyletic groups are all descended from the same ancestor but are missing one or more species (an incomplete group), polyphyletic groups have traits in common that their most recent common ancestor didn't have (a mixed group).

I see no reason why these words can't be used to describe things outside of biology, so adverbs form a polyphyletic group.

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  • This looks confusing since words are themselves descended from older words and hence might be thought to form monophyletic or polyphyletic groups. People with some knowledge of linguistics or biology are likely to think polyphyletic words have different origins, not different grammatical roles..
    – Stuart F
    Feb 6 at 14:18
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Adverbs are not always grammatically interchangeable because they are a heterogeneous group. This means we have to classify this word group into specific subgroups before they can be truly useful.

Label: Adverbs (heterogeneous) or Adverbs (a heterogeneous group)

heterogeneous (adj.)

Consisting off dissimilar or diverse ingredients or constituents : MIXED m-w

Diverse in character or content. Lexico


...firms in the inter-cluster network are heterogeneous and not interchangeable in terms of roles and tasks; Lorenzo Zanni; Leading Firms and Wine Clusters

According to Boari and Lipparini (1999) the enterprises within the district are heterogeneous and not interchangeable in terms of roles and duties... J. Damsgaard and H.Z. Henriksen; Networked Information Technologies

We must engage in studies knowing that species are functionally, ecologically, and phylogenetically heterogeneous; they are not interchangeable and they cannot be treated simply as characterless names. S. P. Carroll and C. W. Fox; Conservation Biology

heterogeneity (n.) (Adverbs demonstrate heterogeneity)

It is reflected in the heterogeneity found within groups, and ethnic labels are not always interchangeable. N. A. Glasgow et al.; What Successful Teachers Do in Diverse Classroms

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I can't think of an offical/recognised term for your "Adverbs (_____)" request, but maybe "Adverbs (situational)" would cover it?

Bringing chemistry into it, maybe adverbs that can exist in more than one situation with the same meaning (the opposite of your examples) could be referred to as allotropic, so possibly "Adverbs (non-allotropic)"?

Ultimately though these are just my musings on a topic that I stumbled across and piqued my interest, and I agree with @High Performance Mark that rephrasing is the least ambiguous way to get the point across.

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