2

Can anyone help me about the following passage?

The impact of these changes becomes discernible upon further exploration of the ways in which Armenian activists exploited and were moved – literally and figuratively – by the turn-of-the-century's time–space compression, as they spread and disseminated revolutionary activity into the neighboring empires.

The text is about the Armenian revolutionaries in 19 and 20 centuries who were active in Russia, Iran, and Ottoman Empire. The text is clear but the words in bold are somehow problematic.

Many thanks in advance.

  • 1
    It is confusing -- poorly written. – Hot Licks Jan 20 at 13:50
  • 2
    The text is not clear at the bold words. Perhaps the activists were exploited and moved? Otherwise, I'd want to know what they exploited, since exploited is a transitive verb. – Yosef Baskin Jan 20 at 13:51
  • Hi! The whole passage is as follow: "The developments in the transportation and communication infrastructure that brought about time–space compression in the Caucasus radically transformed the lives and activities of revolutionary subjects residing in the region's central urban hubs. The impact of these changes becomes discernable upon further exploration of the ways in which Armenian activists exploited and were moved – literally and figuratively – by the turn-of-the-century's time–space compression, as they spread and disseminated revolutionary activity into the neighboring empires." – Arya Jan 20 at 14:32
  • More context (sort of a summary): Many sources, some of whose authors were political activists themselves, testify to the significance and number of Armenian revolutionaries who came down to Iran from Tiflis, Baku, and other cities and towns in the South Caucasus in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Workers, too, became important conduits of ideas and experiences as they crossed the South Caucasian and Iranian frontiers (Roving Revolutionaries: Armenians and the Connected Revolutions ... By Houri Berberian; ch 2, p 102) – KannE Jan 20 at 14:49
4

If you move by in front of the first em dash, the grammar will be in order:

The impact of these changes becomes discernible upon further exploration of the ways in which Armenian activists exploited and were moved by – literally and figuratively – the turn-of-the-century's time–space compression, as they spread and disseminated revolutionary activity into the neighboring empires.

We have a compound predicate here—two verbs, one subject:

Armenian activists exploited time–space compression

Armenian activists were moved by time–space compression

The whole thing could stand to be edited for clarity though.

1

The impact of these changes becomes discernible upon further exploration of the ways in which Armenian activists exploited and were moved – literally and figuratively – by the turn-of-the-century's time–space compression, as they spread and disseminated revolutionary activity into the neighboring empires.

Let's take out the clauses that are irrelevant (to the part you're looking at) and replace them with [], which leaves:

The impact [] becomes discernible upon further exploration of the ways in which Armenian activists exploited and were moved [] by the turn-of-the-century's time–space compression [].

The words "exploited and were moved" are the verb of the following clause:

... the ways in which Armenian activists exploited and were moved [] by the turn-of-the-century's time–space compression [].

The meaning becomes clearer if we add some commas:

... the ways in which Armenian activists exploited, and were moved [] by, the turn-of-the-century's time–space compression [].

  • but "exploit" is a transitive verb! I think there should be the verb "were" before it! – Arya Jan 20 at 17:03
  • It is, but "activists" is not the object; "time-space compression" is. "...Armenian activists exploited the turn-of-the-century's time-space compression, and were moved by the turn-of-the-century's time-space compression." – PlutoThePlanet Jan 20 at 21:03
  • @Ayra - In this context, "exploited" means the activists took full advantage of the rapid advances in communication and transportation (technologies known to bring about a "time-space compression"). – KannE Jan 20 at 21:04
  • Thanks very much. I gt it. Thanks again. – Arya Jan 20 at 21:13

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.