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Is the following phrase grammatically correct? I looked it up in.. well, somewhere... to find out if there is any specific meaning behind the use of AND repeatedly in the same sentence. so far, I found none. The sentence below appears in quite technical literature, but doesnt seem very technical (I would say doesnt look like solid English). It is probably a translation. Am I right?

Support national institutions in the testing AND introduction AND promotion of vegetable varieties.

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  • It would be more common to use a comma instead of the first and, but more than one and isn't wrong - why would it be? (I'm assuming the use of all caps for that word was done by you to highlight the word?)
    – nnnnnn
    Jan 13, 2020 at 8:24
  • It suggests that the elements break down a little differently - testing, introduction and promotion... suggests a single process with three aspects to it. On the other hand, in testing and introduction and promotion, testing is one thing and introduction and promotion is another.
    – JD2000
    Jan 13, 2020 at 8:28
  • Repetition could be for emphasis. But it's always useful to have context. I'm guessing this is a list of requirements for a job (or possibly a tender for work), in which case they want to make clear that all three are separate requirements, rather than just having skills/experience in one part of the process.
    – Stuart F
    Jan 13, 2020 at 10:03
  • all explanations make perfect sense. thank you!
    – khongor
    Jan 13, 2020 at 10:45

2 Answers 2

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The more you use one word in a sentence, the more clunky it seem.

(e.g. One day I went to the park with him. I told him to sit down. I also asked him if he wanted a snack.)

Two or more conjunctions to close together do the same.

Support national institutions in the testing and introduction and in the promotion of vegetable varieties.

To compress the sentence, do this:

Support national institutions in the testing, introduction, and in the promotion of vegetable varieties.

To use parallel form, write like this:

Support national institutions in the testing, introduction, and promoting of vegetable varieties.

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Normally, I'd say that an 'and' is redundant in the sentence (the last one). But, with the addition of some words, one can set it right.

Support national institutions in the testing and introduction, and in the promotion of vegetable varieties.

Normally, I'd take out the first and in the sentence and replace it with a comma, but since they do not appear to be in a sequence, I felt it better to isolate the last part of the sentence.

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  • very useful hint indeed. thank you!
    – khongor
    Jan 13, 2020 at 10:47

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