Not sure if there is a word for what I am looking for. It is almost something along the lines of like "being able to solve" but it's not really a question or problem you are trying to find an answer to. The closest thing I can think of is "perception", but you aren't really using your senses to understand, it's not something physical that you are able to perceive.
I think the word you may be looking for is intuitive. From Oxford:
Using or based on what one feels to be true even without conscious reasoning; instinctive.
I had an intuitive conviction that there was something unsound in him