Is there a predominant style in academic papers in computer science concerning the usage or the omission of the serial comma? What do ACM and IEEE do in general? I failed to find it out on my own.
Is there any style guide of an academic publisher that suggests (or prescribes) that US-English papers in the two disciplines (mathematics, computer science) omit the serial comma in general?
In searching for "What style guide does IEEE use," I found this PDF: IEEE Editorial Style Manual. Its purpose, stated in the first line, is to provide "...editorial guidelines for IEEE Transactions, Journals, and Letters."
Here is a helpful excerpt:
Rules of Grammar
The principles of style given below aim to concentrate on the fundamentals of modern usage. Particular emphasis is given to the rules most commonly violated.
1) Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding ’s.
2) In a series of three or more terms, use a comma after each term except the last.
Admittedly, this tells the OP only part of the first question (namely, what does IEEE require) and part of the second question (namely, there is at least one style guide that omits the final comma).