I am unsure whether the sentence would make grammatical sense as has or have had. Is this sentence fragment considered singular or plural? Is stressing a gerund that makes it singular? Because innovative studies is plural, so I assumed that this sentence was plural and I needed the use of have had.

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    What sentence??
    – Hot Licks
    Dec 17, 2019 at 3:01

1 Answer 1


The verb agrees with the singular gerund, stressing. So, has. Innovative studies is an object (studies) of the gerund that serves as the subject here, with a modifying adjective (innovative). It's irrelevant.

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