The exact situation I'm trying to fill is with Nathaniel Hawthorne, who lived in Salem, Massachusetts in the 1800's, but wrote a book about the Salem Witch Trials in the 1600's. I want to contrast this word with "contemporary", if such a word exists.
You are looking for "collocal". I actually did not know this was already a word but I had a hunch and searched it.
Of, from or in the same place as another