I came across the following sentence, and I was so curious about “effective next Monday.”

Mr. Michael has resigned his position as senior sales manager, effective next Monday.

Effective is indeed an adjective.

How could we place an adjective in this position of the sentence?

I understand the meaning of the sentence. The word “effective” is to describe his “resignation‘. However, I just don’t know why an adjective could be placed here.

Could anyone help?


  • Your example and the related specific question you’ve asked about it doesn’t match the title. In your example, effective doesn’t modify the whole sentence.
    – Lawrence
    Nov 25, 2019 at 21:19
  • @Lawrence A clause, then; omit We regret to announce that. Unless the regret begins on Monday, heh. Nov 25, 2019 at 23:13
  • @AntonSherwood Would you mind editing the question directly? Answers are based on the question without reference to comments, and the Q&A as a whole is archived, while comments are sometimes removed without notice.
    – Lawrence
    Nov 25, 2019 at 23:58
  • 1
    @Lawrence Okay, done, I hope I have not distorted anything. Nov 26, 2019 at 0:05
  • Hi, Thanks for your comments. So “effective” is to modify the noun class (that....)? Thanks Nov 26, 2019 at 20:57

1 Answer 1


There would be no mystery if the sentence were instead

Mr. Michael has given his resignation, effective next Monday.

There, the adjective clearly applies to resignation.

And of course there is little practical difference between these two:

Mr. Michael has given his resignation.

Mr. Michael has resigned.

At some point, people started to substitute the latter for the former, without thought to the poor orphaned adjective.

A form I've seen occasionally, without the “dangling adjective” problem, is

... with effect from Monday.

  • Hi, so this sentence is actually poorly written? Nov 26, 2019 at 20:57
  • Formally yes, but I'd say it has become idiomatic. Nov 27, 2019 at 4:33

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