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The Islamic tradition shows the _____ exclusion of women from scientific field.

I mean to say that there has been almost no woman in that tradition in the field of science. What adjective should I use for "exclusion"? My own suggestions are "vast", "wide", and "extended". What would be an idiomatic adjective for exclusion in that context?

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  • I would suggest 'absolute' to be the only option. Anything less is unnecessary, conceptually, since 'exclusion' already excludes to a very high degree.
    – Nigel J
    Nov 25, 2019 at 20:02
  • How about thorough? Disagreeing with @NigelJ, I think exclusion could be applied to a mild bias. Nov 26, 2019 at 3:16
  • @NigelJ It can be "wide exclusion" but yet not "absolute exclusion".
    – Sasan
    Nov 26, 2019 at 13:31
  • 1
    the widespread exclusion: a term used often in writing.
    – Lambie
    Nov 29, 2019 at 13:33

5 Answers 5

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The title jumps out at one here:

The Making of Modern Science
Science, Technology, Medicine and Modernity: 1789 to 1914

By David Knight

"But in general the widespread exclusion of women from science was no accident: it was man's work."

This refers to the West in earlier times (until World War I) but would apply today to the "Islamic tradition" which still lags behind...

book

1

A Google NGram search for *_ADJ exclusion of shows that total and complete are the most popular options, though they might be too strict for this case: they suggest a 100% exclusion. My choice for the 99% version would be almost complete.

enter image description here

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  • Spot on. And thank you for reducing my scepticism of this method of gauging the currency of language. I had thought that the lack of control over context would tend to make the findings unreliable. But I see they have a place, if approached with due caution. Thank you
    – Tuffy
    Nov 25, 2019 at 17:34
  • Sorry, but wrong context.
    – Lambie
    Nov 29, 2019 at 13:33
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The Islamic tradition shows the pervasive exclusion of women from scientific fields.

Also, you might consider promotes or encourages instead of "shows".

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Some adjectives express degree (total, complete), whereas others express effort and intent—rigid, systematic, rigorous,

But check your sources. See e.g., https://science.sciencemag.org/content/290/5489/55.

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You may word it more strongly with the term “prohibit”.

Prohibit [ proh-hib-it ]

\verb (used with object)

1) to forbid (an action, activity, etc.) by authority or law: Smoking is prohibited here. 

2) to forbid the action of (a person).

3) to prevent; hinder.

“The... tradition prohibits women from working in the scientific field.”

“The... tradition shows the prohibition of women from scientific fields”

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  • That is simply not true.
    – Lambie
    Nov 29, 2019 at 13:46

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