Which is correct ordering of descriptors between "as" and "by" with regards to "being recognised"?

Example sentences:

IEEE 754 has been recognised as de facto standard by all programmers.


IEEE 754 has been recognised by all programmers as de facto standard.


I don't think it matters semantically.
The first sentence slightly emphasises the recognition by all programmers, whereas the second sentence slightly emphasises the fact that IEEE 754 is the standard.

Note: I would write "the/a de facto standard".

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  • 1
    I agree with you on both counts but it also makes sense to say "a de facto standard" in some circumstances. "Recognised as de facto standard" however is definitely wrong. – BoldBen Nov 7 '19 at 16:28
  • @BoldBen Good point, I was indeed misled by the idea that since it is a standard, it must be the standard :) Thanks, updated my answer. – Joachim Nov 7 '19 at 16:30

Prepositional phrases like the ones in your example are often interchangeable. Some orderings may have different implications (@Joachim is right that the phrase you put first receives a bit more emphasis), but grammatically both sentences are fine.

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