If I want to distinguish social (or linguistic) gender and biological sex in a text, is there any polar pair of terms that clearly refers to organisms with a specific sex and not (also) to persons with a specific gender role?
This is my perception of some (more or less popular) pairs:
- man/woman – ambiguous
- boy/girl – gender
- gent(leman)/lady – gender
- sir/ma(da)m – gender
- Mr/M(r)s… – gender
- dom/sub – gender
- butch/femme – gender
- bro/sis – gender
lad/lass – gender
masculine/feminine – gender
- male/female – sex, but hardly used seriously as nouns for humans
I am aware that both, sex and gender, are spectrums and those terms are just designating opposite ends thereof.
I am not sure whether the following (mostly informal) terms are sex and gender neutral nor whether they have antonyms.
- probably +masculine, perhaps +neutral
- +masculine +female