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As a non-native English speaker whose mother tongue has not distinct pronouns to address male/female third persons, it is trying to avoid confusing he/she in speaking. I wonder how would native speakers deal with this case? Is it also happenning in vernacular English? Isn't it offensive (or pejorative) to use he for a female or vice versa?

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    Good question. Mostly it depends on how fast we're talking, and what other sounds are in the way. And of course which form - he, him, his/she, her - is being used. The /ʃ/ of she is quite distinctive, but it's also quite likely to get lost in a consonant cluster in fast speech, leaving ambiguous /i/ behind; the /h/ of he, his, him, and her is lost almost all the time. Him is also homophonous with them most of the time, which helps. On the whole, I'd say it wasn't a big issue, but it's available for stressing if necessary. – John Lawler Sep 25 '19 at 19:00
  • One issue is the choice of a pronoun when the gender of the person is unknown. Some use "he", a few use "she", and, increasingly, "they" is often used. – Hot Licks Sep 25 '19 at 21:20
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Native speakers do not usually confuse "he" and "she" (that is, they don't use one in place of the other). When talking about people, the distinction is made consistently and obligatorily in all registers of the language, both formal and vernacular. There may be some dialects that have different usage, but if so, they are not well-known to the speakers of the most widely spoken dialects.

Native speaker do occasionally use "he" to refer to a female person or "she" to refer to a male person as a form of sexist insult (to imply that the female person is unwomanly or that the male person is unmanly), but that usage is pretty uncommon even in pejorative contexts. For a non-native speaker, I don't think it's necessary to worry much about causing offense by accidentally using the wrong pronoun: unless it seems obviously intentional, people probably won't interpret it as an insult.

Using the wrong pronoun is more likely to cause confusion. For example, if you say something like "When I saw my brother the other day, she told me the news", your listener will probably be unsure whether you are talking about a brother, a sister, or two different people. Listeners who have experience talking to people who speak languages without gendered pronouns might realize what you meant, but still notice the misuse of the pronoun, as mentioned in william.berg's answer.

A separate issue that people might mention in connection to your question. Some dialects or vernacular ways of speaking may use "he" or "she" in place of "it". However, that kind of variation occurs when talking about objects, not when talking about people.

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    A dimension which I think needs to be added is that there are now people in our society who feel that neither he nor she fits their identity, and choose something else - usually they. People who express such a choice are not usually upset if somebody gets it wrong through not knowing, or making a mistake; but deliberately using a pronoun they do not want is offensive. – Colin Fine Sep 25 '19 at 21:07
  • Good point. That is, malpractices of plural pronoun 'they' to address singular sexually nonpolar person wouldn't hurt. I was thinking of 'that' instead. – Davood Falahati Sep 26 '19 at 4:29
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Native speakers rarely use the wrong pronoun. The recognition of the sex of the subject is very consistent.

I think most native speakers remember people's genders, in order to use the correct pronoun. One thing that helps is that most names are gendered, which makes it easy to guess which pronoun to use.

I agree, it can be difficult for non-native speakers. I know a number of Chinese people who still have difficulty with this aspect of the language, after living in an English-speaking country for many decades. However, I always notice immediately if they use the wrong pronoun .

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