I am looking for the name of the semantic relationship "has-instance". For example: "swimmer" - "Michael Phelps". What is the correct name of this relationship?

And further: What is the name of the reversed relationship (is-instance-of)?

  • 1
    I'm not sure what you're asking. It's not very clear. But I'm going to take a stab in the dark. Maybe you're looking for "correlation" or "corollary." Or maybe you're just looking for the word "example," but you use that word in your question, so I dunno.
    – user361733
    Sep 16, 2019 at 15:35
  • 1
    I don't know how as I don't understand the question. Are you looking for "key words"?
    – Lambie
    Sep 16, 2019 at 15:36
  • 2
    Looks to me like categorization, categorizing, classification. Or maybe exemplification (in the specific sub-sense defined by the full OED as The citing of illustrative examples; an illustrative example). You could coin a nonce-word such as hierarchicalization, but I doubt there's any existing term with that precise implication (of everything either being contained within some parent set, or of being a parent set containing children / examples itself). Sep 16, 2019 at 15:40
  • 1
    @Janothan. Thanks. If none of FumbleFingers' suggestions appeal to you I think we need a really straightforward example; without the words 'has-instance' or 'is-instance-of', which don't mean anything to me. The relationship between 'swimmer' and 'Phelps' is simply that of a category and a member of that category. Maybe you could define the linguistic term you want we could help you. What exactly does it mean? Sep 16, 2019 at 18:08
  • 1
    Member of a set?
    – Xanne
    Sep 17, 2019 at 2:29


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