What does the expression "labour under another" means in the following sentence?
Psychologists labour under another, rather severe handicap in writing an autobiography.
(Rebel with a Cause, by Hans Eysenck)
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Here's something that might help -
: [labour under something] to exist or try to live in a situation where there are serious difficulties or problems.
Example sentence -
"Many countries labour under a huge burden of debt they cannot even begin to pay."
As Kate Bunting said, "Labour under another" is not an expression.
The structure of "Psychologists labour under another, rather severe handicap" is
Psychologists labour [under [another, rather severe handicap] ]
"Another, rather severe handicap" is a noun phrase; "another" is a fused-together spelling of the indefinite article "an" and the adjective "other", which are being used with the noun "handicap" along with the adjective phrase "rather severe". "Another, rather severe handicap" means "An additional handicap that is rather severe".
The comma after "another" separates it from the following adjective, like how a comma is used in the noun phrase "a happy, healthy life" to separate the adjectives "happy" and "healthy". This type of comma indicates that the adjectives apply separately: without a comma, "another rather severe handicap" would tend to be understood as having a nested structure "[another [rather severe handicap]]" which would imply that both the handicap that is being introduced and the previously described handicap(s) are rather severe. The sentence as written (with a comma) indicates only that the "other" handicap is rather severe.