There are people out there who try to predict future outcomes for certain areas like crops, events, etc... It's all logic-based and determined by their perception of previous years data. No clairvoyance or prophesied type thing at all... I'm trying to come up with the term that they used to describe that type of person, but for the life of me I cannot remember what it is.... if I'm not sailing mistaken, I think I have seen it centered mostly around stock markets.
- to predict (a future condition or occurrence); calculate in advance: to forecast a heavy snowfall; to forecast lower interest rates.
- to conjecture beforehand; make a prediction.
- a person who is engaged in commercial or financial speculation.
Others to consider:
- a person who makes comments or judgments, especially in an authoritative manner; critic or commentator.
Pollster – The people who gather data used to attempt to predict election outcomes.
- a person whose occupation is the taking of public-opinion polls.
- Prognosticator, suggested by Eric.
- Actuary, suggested by TaliesinMerlin.
- Analyst, suggested by Der Übermensch.
Words that describe the basis of predictions, not the people who make them.
- Predictor, suggested by Jon Watte
Futures (investopedia) – Doesn't describe the person, but the underlying trade instrument.
- Futures are financial contracts obligating the buyer to purchase an asset or the seller to sell an asset and have a predetermined future date and price.
- A futures contract allows an investor to speculate on the direction of a security, commodity, or a financial instrument.
A term I particularly like for this is prognosticator.
prog·nos·ti·cate | \ präg-ˈnä-stə-ˌkāt \
1 : to foretell from signs or symptoms : PREDICT
2 : to give an indication of in advance : FORESHADOW
That makes a prognosticator someone who "predicts future events or developments".
An actuary is a business analyst who assesses future risks and uncertainties. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics describes actuaries as people who use past data and predictive models to tell the future:
Actuaries analyze the financial costs of risk and uncertainty. They use mathematics, statistics, and financial theory to assess the risk of potential events, and they help businesses and clients develop policies that minimize the cost of that risk.
At least in the United States, this is a credentialed profession - people take exams to become actuaries. (Other countries may differ in process; Denmark for example requires specific degrees to become an actuary.) Generally, actuaries refer to their field of work as actuarial science.
According to Merriam-Webster
- one who studies and predicts the future especially on the basis of current trends
- economic futurists predict a new world order in which information is the resource that drives a nation's economy
On the web
…where fortune tellers will root their predictions in divine forces and mystical unexplained powers, futurists make their predictions based on stone cold facts. A futurist is a kind of consultant who makes predictions based on future trends they identify. Their point of view can even impact how companies design products or how communities run their outreach,…
Although it also has "clairvoyance or prophesied type" connotations, oracle has a secondary definition as
a : a person giving wise or authoritative decisions or opinions She became an oracle of pop culture. b : an authoritative or wise expression or answer
I like "forecaster" (already proposed by xiota)
There's also "predictor" (which is more used about particular data sources than about people,) and "actuary" (which predicts the future statistically, rather than in individual cases.)
I think "actuary" is the best addition to this thread that hasn't already been made.