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Which of the two possibilities would native speakers more likely say when they watch a football (soccer or American) match from the comfort of their home?

What sport do you watch most on television?

  1. I like watching football
  2. I like to watch football

And if the speaker went to a stadium to watch football matches, which sentence would they be more likely to say? Do native speakers (especially British and American) say they watch football in a stadium?

Is there a difference in meaning or usage if the speaker is thinking of their physical presence at the sporting event?

What sport do you watch most?

  1. I like watching football [in a stadium]
  2. I like to watch football [in a stadium]
  • If someone enjoyed all the rituals leading to the match; the travelling to the stadium, the football chants, the fast food, the camaraderie with fellow supporters, everything that is part of a live sporting event, which sentence might they say: 3 or 4?

  • Without prompting, would “like (to) + watch(ing)” be a common response or would a different verb be used with “like” for instance “go”?

  • Would it be in the gerund or the infinitive form? Is there a syntactic or semantic explanation for this preference?


EDIT

This question is not a duplicate of When should a verb be followed by a gerund instead of an infinitive? which simply asks

“Which particular verbs are followed by ing and to? Can you please provide a list for that?”

This post is not asking for any list, it is not asking which verbs take the infinitive or the gerund. The answers on the older question handle that matter well enough. Instead, my question is one that frequently comes up among learners and ESOL teachers, it is specific and necessitates a deeper analysis and more thoughtful approach than saying there is no difference in meaning between the two forms. Native speakers are aware of this difference but find it difficult to verbalise, and ESOL and EFL teachers often struggle to explain why the verb “like“ can be followed by the infinitive or the gerund.

Not all verbs are this problematic, the verb remember can also be followed by either the infinitive or the gerund, e.g. “to remember to do something” and “remember doing something” But the two constructions have two distinct meanings, and they are not interchangeable.

The first expresses a memory of performing that activity e.g.

He remembers swimming in the lake as a child

The speaker recalls the experience, and the process it entailed: getting undressed, getting into a pair of swimming trunks, running to the shore, the initial impact of the cold water on his warm body, and so on. However, in

We must remember to swim where there is a lifeguard

we are not thinking of the past, there is no fond recollection of this experience, we are not concerned with the actual process of walking along the beach, spotting whether there is a blue or red flag flying, and seeing if a lifeguard is present etc. Instead, we are thinking of the event itself, we are telling ourselves not to ignore this important piece of information. The same cannot be said for

I like to watch football on television
I like watching football on television

What is the difference in meaning (and usage) between the two forms? I feel there must be, but I am having difficulty in pinpointing it. When would someone instinctively say one form over the other?

To sum up, I am specifically asking about the difference in meaning and usage between “I like to watch” and “I like watching”, the older question simply does not address this issue.

  • 1
    It's been a long time since I actually spent much time watching either live football (soccer), or football on TV, so I won't post an 'answer'. "I go to United / to watch United most weeks" // "I often watch football on TV" would be my usual responses if asked 50 years ago. Possibly "I like ..." sounded more unmacho. I'm not sure about distribution of -ing form vs infinitive. The to-infinitive form sounds more punchy, so perhaps I'd favour that back in the day. – Edwin Ashworth Aug 17 at 14:47
  • You ask which of two possibilities is the most likely. You could improve the clarity of the question by asking which of the two is more likely. This seems better than increasing the choices beyond two here so that most can rightly apply. – tchrist Aug 17 at 14:49
  • Hmm. I think this is a duplicate of When should a verb be followed by a gerund instead of an infinitive?. The top answer there says Sometimes the meaning changes according to the verb [form] used - giving as examples He won't remember giving the homework to Mr. Young / He won’t remember to give the homework to Mr. Young. The potential semantic distinction is also addressed on ELL: Why is “He knows to swim” incorrect? (which it isn't necessarily, obviously! :) – FumbleFingers Aug 17 at 15:13
  • @FumbleFingers I'm not asking when a gerund or an infinitive should be used, I'm asking what is the difference in meaning, be it subtle or barely perceived or unconscious. This is a question that comes up very frequently among learners and ESOL teachers. To remember to do something and remembering doing something* have two different meanings. I can explain that. But what about I like to watch and I like watching? Where's the answer to that? – Mari-Lou A Aug 17 at 15:25
  • There's something noteworthy about whether the verb watch can ever be used for eyewitness viewing of such live events as sporting matches, theatrical productions, circus acts, or parades--or whether some other verb must be used to distinguish that from following "televised" video feeds via some screen. Choice of nonfinite verb clause (gerund vs infinitive) is likely tangential and distracting from that crucial aspect. If instead a finite verb like past tense watched or nonpast tense watches were used, all contagion risk from the putative duplicate could be safely banished. – tchrist Aug 17 at 16:50
2

Which form would native speakers most likely say when they watch football (soccer or American) matches from the comfort of their home?

In AmE, IMHO, your samples 1 and 2 are appropriate.

Is there a difference in meaning or usage if the speaker is thinking of their physical presence at the sporting event?

In lieu of your samples, I suggest:

I like going to football games.

I am not sure of semantic reasonings. In summary, "I like going to a football game" or "I like to go to a football game" (or match)? are one in the same. I wouldn't normally say "watch football in a stadium."

Hey, are you watching Monday-nite football tonight? I sure am! I am actually going to the game.

  • As an American English speaker, would you say that you watch football in a stadium? – Mari-Lou A Aug 17 at 14:41
  • Why would you suggest "going" and can you tell me what is the difference between "I like going to a football game" and "I like to go to a football game" (or match)? Thanks! – Mari-Lou A Aug 17 at 14:44
  • 1
    No. I would say I am going/ went to the game. To watch is imputed. – lbf Aug 17 at 14:46
  • "I like going to a football game" or "I like to go to a football game" (or match)? // semantically one in the same. – lbf Aug 17 at 14:47
  • aye aye ... shall so edit. – lbf Aug 17 at 15:02
2

The Cambridge Dictionary, on verbs like hate, like, love and prefer, makes the following remarks:

We can use hate, like, love and prefer with an -ing form or with a to-infinitive:

In American English, the forms with to-infinitive are much more common than the -ing form.

There is a very small difference in meaning between the two forms.

Note that:

The -ing form emphasises the action or experience,

  • I like making jam. He likes telling jokes. They don’t like sitting for too long.

while

The to-infinitive gives more emphasis to the results of the action or event,

  • I like to make jam every year.

also

We often use the -ing form to suggest enjoyment (or lack of it), and the to-infinitive form to express habits or preferences.

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