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I am creating a computer game in which the character needs to consume food in order to not starve to death. In the game I can display the level of how much food the character currently needs via "hunger level" - the higher this value, the more desperately the character needs food.

But what I want now is to turn that around, so that this level tells how full the stomach of the character is. In German we have a word for that, "Sättigung", which means how full my stomach is (or better: how full it feels to me), it is basically the opposite of hunger.

Is there a similar word in English, which means exactly that, the opposite of hunger? It might be something like "saturation", but from what I can tell this word is usually used in a technical context, like in "the saturation of a color".

Can I use that "saturation" to describe the opposite of hunger of a human or animal, or is there a better word for that?

closed as off-topic by JJJ, Azor Ahai, curiousdannii, tchrist Aug 18 at 14:20

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    Hello, Matthias. If I close-vote here, the question might actually close (I'm never sure). But ELU expects a certain amount of reasonable research. Did you look up antonyms of 'hunger' in a thesaurus? – Edwin Ashworth Aug 15 at 15:32
  • Should this be here or on learners? – user356956 Aug 16 at 14:40
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    @EdwinAshworth: If you have the ability to vote to close, it will take 5 such votes to close a question, and 5 votes to reopen a closed question. (Two exceptions: 1. Diamond mods can single-handedly close/reopen a question, and 2. If you have a gold "tag badge", you can instantly close a question with that badge as a duplicate of another question, or reopen such a question that was closed as a duplicate. – V2Blast Aug 16 at 21:36
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    "Naming things" is generally off-topic sorry. – curiousdannii Aug 18 at 12:31
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    @tchrist, despite the underlying motivation, the question is less about choosing a name and more about choosing a word. The question asks "Is there a similar word in English, which means exactly that, the opposite of hunger?". Every paragraph contains a similar request. In the Help Center, an acceptable type of question is: "Word choice and usage". – Michael_B Aug 18 at 20:19

11 Answers 11

41

I think the apter word is 'satiety' than 'saturation' in the OP's context.

satiety

the state of being completely satisfied, especially with food or pleasure, so that you could not have any more.

  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat. – tchrist Aug 17 at 13:28
31

"Hunger Level" includes everything from starvation to satiety.

If you imagine a health bar in a video game, a low hunger level indicates that you're good for now (you're not hungry). A high level indicates starvation and the need to focus on refueling.

So there's really no opposite to "Hunger Level". It covers everything from one end to the other.

However, if you want an opposite to "hunger" in this context, then consider:

fullness

I ate already. I'm full.

My stomach is so full. I feel like I'm about to burst.

The health bar indicator for "Fullness" would be the reverse of "Hunger", which may be more intuitive for a video game.

Also, a video game with a "Fullness" meter wouldn't distract the player. A term like "Satiety" may hold their attention, as they ponder the meaning and pronunciation.

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    I totally agree with "A term like "Satiety" may hold their attention, as they ponder the meaning and pronunciation." +1 – Justin Aug 15 at 12:53
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    Part of this answer is back to front, a low hunger level would indicate you don't need to eat, a high hunger level would indicate "I am very hungry" and should eat soon. – Chris Cooper Aug 16 at 8:42
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    @ChrisCooper It might not be entirely logical but that's just what I've seen in video games. – Pyritie Aug 16 at 15:26
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    I'd agree that there's no need to reverse the meter. Also, you don't need the word "Level". Just go with "Hunger". That will be pretty much universally understood by all English-speaking players. – Darrel Hoffman Aug 16 at 16:47
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    He's not asking for a second indicator, he wants to invert his current indicator. OP currently has a bar where full is bad and empty is good. That's not terribly intuitive in a video game, especially if it's beside other bars that work the other way. That's presumably why he wants to reverse the direction of the bar, and in my opinion probably a good idea in most situations. – Zeus Aug 16 at 18:37
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I am a German native speaker as well, so I have little feeling for the frequency of use. I did find the words

satiety

the quality or state of being fed or gratified to or beyond capacity, surfeit, fullness

as well as

satiation

the act of completely satisfying yourself or a need, especially with food or pleasure

The former seems to be more fitting in your context, yet both of them are slightly more medical and less common in everyday language, see here for example.

Sources: Satiety, Satiation

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    To me (native to UK), satiation sounds slightly more natural... "Satiation level: 86%" etc. – TripeHound Aug 15 at 13:37
  • I agree with @TripeHound (I'm a Canadian) - but that might just be because ADOM uses "satiation" as one of the hunger levels. – Spitemaster Aug 15 at 21:20
  • If we are providing this sort of data, to me (native to the US) "satiety" is the much more natural choice. I would have been thinking that "satiation" was neologism if I were to have heard it in conversation. – Sriotchilism O'Zaic Aug 16 at 1:50
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    For yet another anecdote, I’m from the US (Southwestern) and “satiation” sounds pretty natural, whereas “satiety” sounds weird. – BalinKingOfMoria Aug 16 at 2:46
  • "Satiation" / "satiation level" sounds more natural to me as well (native to Australia). – Glen_b Aug 18 at 12:37
8

One possible option is energy, or energy level. It is not a direct answer for the question of the opposite of hunger, but energy levels are definitely affected by what we eat. In a game it would make fairly intuitive sense that eating foods restores your energy meter.

5

For a computer game, Satiety is going to sound weird as it's an uncommon and formal word. Food is not a good word because it sounds like you're carrying it around with you uneaten. I think Nutrition would be a good name for your level indicator. Nutrition is not a feeling, but it expresses the meaning that you want.

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    I work in computer games and agree that "Satiety", while technically correct, is not a common enough word for the context. If "anti-hunger" is the only thing determining the player's energy level then I'd use "Energy" or similar - it conveys the impact it has on the user most clearly. Otherwise, if there's something else that has an impact (e.g. some games have separate "stamina" or "damage" attributes), and you really do just need to convey "fullness-of-stomach" with this term, then this answer, "Nutrition", is the best so far. Something like "Fullness" could be misinterpreted. – Rupe Aug 16 at 11:32
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In the context of the computer role-playing game that I grew up with, Ancient Domains of Mystery, or ADOM, I heard this as being called your "satiation level", and your German word feels like it has the same historic root.

So I would go with that: satiation level, especially considering you are already using the term "level", and hence this mirrors your proposed construction exactly.

2

Here are some suggestions you could use -

1. fulfillment (-level)

  • a feeling of happiness and satisfaction.

Source: https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/fulfilment

2. satisfaction (-level)

  • fulfillment of one's wishes, expectations, or needs, or the pleasure derived from this.

Source: https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/satisfaction

3. repletion (-level)

  • Repletion is a condition of being completely full of something. Repletion is experienced by people who are full or satisfied by the amount of food they've eaten, but it can also describe other kinds of fullness.

Source: https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/repletion

4. surfeit (-level)

  • to indulge to satiety in a gratification (such as indulgence of the appetite or senses)

Source: https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/surfeit

5. fullness (-level)

  • the quality or state of being full

Source: https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/fullness

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    Please cite sources for your dictionary quotes. A simple link and formatting the quote using the > is generally accepted here. – JJJ Aug 15 at 18:21
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    @JJJ - I have edited my answer according to your suggestions. Thanks! – Justin Aug 15 at 18:30
  • Please edit your post to say why each of those makes sense here. Answers without reasons are not answers, and merely Let Me Thesaurus That For You answers are even worse. – tchrist Aug 18 at 23:09
1

I have always had this same question, and feed worked for me.

Definition from dictionary.com

noun

  • food, especially for farm animals, as cattle, horses or chickens.

  • an allowance, portion, or supply of such food.

  • Informal. a meal, especially a lavish one.

  • the material, or the amount of it, so fed or supplied.

It might not be a perfect word, but its suitable for games.

  • Did you mean to write food not feed? – tchrist Aug 18 at 23:10
  • @tchrist Nope, I meant feed – David Callanan Aug 19 at 10:59
0

The game Nethack has been using "Satiated" to mean that your character is full, to the point of having eaten a little too much. That's the clue given to the player to stop eating things or suffer further ill effects. It's described here with nutrition being the internal variable and hunger shows what the player would see about it (they don't get the exact number).

Instead of using a single word, you might consider several words on the spectrum of hunger and fullness. In the Nethack example they use "Starved" to show your character died of hunger and "Oversatiated" to describe the, rather graphic, situation of consuming so much food that one's airway is blocked, and thus experiences suffocation.

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Here is an easy term for you, Matthias. It may not be a perfect one, but I feel it fits: 'Feeding Level" (When babies are 'hungry', we 'feed'them, don't we?) Maybe other members have better terms. Love to learn them, too.

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Stomach-Level

Stomach-level suggests the actual level to which the stomach is full. Native English speakers will imagine the stomach as a pot or container which is literally full ‘up to here’ - full to a certain point.

Satiety is a correct term but may not be understood by all users as it’s a rather advanced word. Satisfaction is a bit abstract and not so much to do with literally ‘how full you are’ but rather the pleasing effect that the food had on you.

If you want to use stomach level, it could also be used for hunger level. One term could fulfil both functions. Then if hungry, it might also say ‘hungry’ or if full, it could say ‘full’ or ‘sated’ (sated is also a bit of an advanced word). Or for very full it could say ‘stuffed’, which is humorous.

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