Specifically about road surface being wet, icy or damaged - transport related.

If there's no one word synonym, then shorter expression might help too.

  • No language I am familiar with has a way of expressing this in a single word. Please clarify why you think English is different. And why it needs to be one word in the first place. Why not two. Why not seven. What is wrong with seven. Why does it have to be shorter. It's really very short already. Why are you not looking for a way to make it much longer. Thank you. – RegDwigнt Aug 14 at 11:17
  • This might be described as "Conditions were icy". I've retagged your question: please do have a look at the help. – Andrew Leach Aug 14 at 11:34
  • Hi @RegDwigнt, I'll have to use it as a prefix for many fields in an electronic form (e.g. RoadConditionDescription). I'm not native speaker, so I'm always aware there might be words I don't know or one's I might not find, unless I know what I'm looking for. I do believe you, thanks for your time. – Filcuk Aug 14 at 11:39

Road state

I suggest ‘Road state’, state being ‘the particular condition that someone or something is in at a specific time‘ - as I think this is a bit clearer than ‘road condition’.

Road state is the state of the actual road.


Road state is also a tiny bit shorter than ‘condition’.

  • But OP specifically asks for (and tags for) a single word. 'Road state' is far less idiomatic than 'road conditions'. I will have to downvote next time I return. – Edwin Ashworth Aug 14 at 13:46
  • 1
    Op is creating an electronic form with fields. (See comments) In my view, ‘road state’ is clearer than ‘conditions’ which might be taken to include ‘traffic’. And op also says ‘If there's no one word synonym, then shorter expression might help too.’ Because, as stated in his comment, the phrase is going to be used repeatedly as a field identifier like ‘RoadConditionDescription’ and ‘state’ is already 4 characters shorter. – Jelila Aug 14 at 13:51
  • I won't downvote, though I think the question unsuitable for ELU, and this sort of answer hardly in line with 'a site intended for linguists' – OP could be expected to look for synonyms of 'conditions' themself. Google Ngrams indicate how useful this answer is likely to be to many other visitors (an important thing to bear in mind on ELU). – Edwin Ashworth Aug 14 at 14:03
  • I notice quite a lot of software programmers (often non-native speakers) looking for terms that will make sense to their users. – Jelila Aug 14 at 14:26
  • Hi @Jelila, this is a great alternative, thanks a lot! – Filcuk Aug 14 at 14:32

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