"Another organization, the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa, offers writers from around the world a three-month residency in which to share not only stories and poems but also the experience of navigating a new environment."

Specifically, I am having problems with the bolded "to", which I feel should be replaced by "they". Can someone clarify why this is a full sentence - I am having difficulty visualizing it.

  • 1
    To simplify it: The organization (subject) offers (transitive verb) writers (indirect object) a residency (direct object). Re: in which to, see example under INITIAL CLAUSE PLACEMENT — FORMAL (top right of 2nd section) grammar-quizzes.com/preps-placement.html. – KannE Aug 11 '19 at 4:35
  • Thank you so much! For this sentence, would the second part be: a three month residency [to share in] not only ... but also ... environment? – minori minus Aug 11 '19 at 17:55
  • Well, it was the best example I could find online at the time, but "share + in" is more complicated than "live + in" because, coincidentally, share is used with in to make the verb share intransitive. M-W's definition of share (intransitive verb): to have a share —used with in (e.g., we all shared in the fruits of our labor). merriam-webster.com/dictionary/share. Thus, 'a place to share poems in' is not the same as 'an opportunity to share in the joys of poetry.' I think I'm complicating matters; this question needs to be fully answered by an expert. – KannE Aug 11 '19 at 19:29
  • BTW, if "in which" is omitted, to becomes the short form of in order to...which is not exactly what the writer was going for, I think. – KannE Aug 11 '19 at 21:30
  • A chair in which to sit = a chair to sit in, a desk at which to work = a desk to work at, a space in which to read = a space to read in. If you replaced to with they can, the meaning wouldn't really change, but the syntax would be different and the register a bit less formal. – user339660 Aug 12 '19 at 14:32

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