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In this sentence:

We are gathered here today.

What's the part of speech of "gathered"?

Is that sentence a simple present passive voice? If yes why do we use "today"!? Today is a signal word for present perfect. And also simple present refers to routines, but in this case..?

Thanks for your help.

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It's simple present passive. "today" doesn't make it present perfect, it's just being used to be more specific, so you know what period is being referenced. If it were a week-long gathering, you could say:

We are gathered here this week.

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