A problem I'm having is finding a concise way to differentiate between when people are a citizen of one country but have family origins in another, and dual citizens. For example, is there an easy way to distinguish between an American citizen who has French origins, and someone who is a dual citizen of both countries?
Obviously 'French-American' comes to mind, but Wikipedia, for example, says it means both:
French Americans or Franco-Americans (French: Franco-Américains) are citizens or nationals of the United States who identify themselves with having full or partial French or French Canadian heritage, ethnicity, and/or ancestral ties. Members of this group are also those who have declared allegiance either informally or formally to France or French Canada and the United States of America. People with dual citizenship of both France and the United States are commonly referred to as French-Americans.
This could happen with any two nationalities (i.e. British-Italian, Irish-American, etc.)
What is the most concise way to describe someone as having two nationalities while avoiding the possible confusion of it being misinterpreted as speaking of family origins?