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I'm looking for a word to name an item that is outside a set tolerance. For example, I have to place a signpost within 3 feet of a building but I put it 4 feet away. That signpost is outside the tolerance, it goes over the allowed threshold, it is a(n)...

I was thinking it's "an outlier" or "a deviant" but those don't seem to quite meet the case, and a thesaurus search didn't turn up anything else.

It's for a term in a software dialog, so I'm looking for something short and sweet. Like "Process Deviants (Y/N)" - but not deviant because a) it sounds stupid, and b) it doesn't imply over a tolerance limit (which is important here).

Any suggestions? I'm hoping that there is such a word and that someone knows it!

closed as off-topic by Robusto, David, Hot Licks, Edwin Ashworth, JJJ Jul 7 at 7:10

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    I'm voting to close this question because the naming of software artifacts is specifically off-topic for this site. – Robusto Jul 5 at 21:45
  • aberration deviation eccentricity exception oddity anomaly deviance irregularity quirk bohemian dissenter dissident eccentric heretic iconoclast maverick nonconformist original outsider – Hot Licks Jul 6 at 0:07
  • Why do none of the easily identified synonyms suit you??? – Hot Licks Jul 6 at 0:08
  • Why not say out of range? – Boondoggle Jul 6 at 18:32
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It looks like you're seeking a noun, but if you're willing to nominalize a verb, you could choose to use the word breach.

Per OED definition 1.b. of breach as a verb:

figurative; spec. in Financial and Stock Exchange jargon, to go beyond (above or below) (a figure)

A citation in the OED from The Economist presents a good example of its use to mean "breaking over a tolerance or threshold

1984 Economist 10 Mar. 52/2 So far, Mr Nakasone has not dared to breach the 1% mark.

Breach is also a noun. The OED does not explicitly denote a noun meaning for "breach" that means "an instance of breaking over a tolerance or threshold," but since the term is used this way as a verb frequently in technical fields, the meaning would be clear if you were to write something along the line of "Process breaches."

It is worth noting that as a noun, the word tends to mean a kind of "breaking." Hence, "data breaches" is a common term in the information security community. In the case of this example it would be taken to indicate that the item has "broken" out of the tolerance level.

  • Breach? Yes, that could work. I'll perhaps ponder a bit more, but this is the best so far. Thanks. – Mark Ireland Jul 5 at 21:46
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I know it means something different to you, since you're a software developer (like me), but this sounds like an exception:

a case to which a rule does not apply

(source: Merriam-Webster)

A reasonable alternative would be to adjectivize it, e.g. "Process exceptional cases".

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noncomplier works for this.

Significant noncomplier (SNC) means a water system that is violating or has violated department rules and the violations may create or have created an imminent or a significant risk to human health.

https://www.lawinsider.com/dictionary/significant-noncomplier-snc

A habitual noncomplier (HNC, also known as an egregious repeater) is an individual with a history or pattern of noncompliance—a person who serially and deliberately does not comply—even after compliance intervention.

https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-soi/12resconnoncomply.pdf

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    What if it will compile, but function checks when you try to run it? – Hot Licks Jul 6 at 0:09
  • @HotLicks This tempts me to actually post my opossums/apothegms comment under one of Sven's recent answers. – Phil Sweet Jul 6 at 0:49
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If you're referring to physically manufactured things that don't meet the intended specifications for them, a good word might be defect (or defective).

Some relevant definitions from the OED:

  1. a. An imperfection in a person or thing; a shortcoming, a failing; a fault, flaw, or abnormality.

  2. The quality, state, or fact of being imperfect; defectiveness, faultiness.

If the problem is one of the use of an object, rather than its inherent characteristics, another term related to one you've been considering might be more appropriate. A deviation is a difference from a desired state. Here are the relevant OED definitions:

  1. a. The action of deviating; turning aside from a path or track; swerving, deflection.

  2. a. Divergence from the straight line, from the mean, or standard position; variation, deflection; the amount of this

  3. figurative. a. Divergence from any course, method, rule, standard, etc.; with a and plural, an instance of this.

Another idea is to pick a word related to the rules that are being broken. If its a law or regulation you're not obeying when you put the sign four feet from the building instead of three, you might call it a violation. If it's a contract you're not fulfilling the terms of, you might call it a breach (of the contract).

Or you might pick a term related to the specific topic you're dealing with. If your software is dealing specifically with sign placement issues, you might want to use invalid placement rather than using a more general term that might be less clear in your specific situation.

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Transgressor might work.

dictionary.com gives the verb definition

Transgress
verb (used with object) to pass over or go beyond (a limit, boundary, etc.): to transgress bounds of prudence.

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infringement

From the second meaning of infringement (Collins):

(variable noun) An infringement of a law or rule is the act of breaking it or disobeying it.

So

Process Infringements? (Y/N)

or perhaps qualified

Process Threshold Infringements? (Y/N)

or

Process Tolerance Infringements? (Y/N)


violation

A near-synonym of infringement but perhaps harsher and in greater need of qualification, e.g. threshold violation or tolerance violation. From the first meaning of violation (Collins):

(noun) infringement or breach, as of a law, rule, right, etc.

So

Process Threshold Violations? (Y/N)

or

Process Tolerance Violations? (Y/N)

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