What is the sense of a sentence when of and with are variously used to show the cause of something?

  1. He died of cancer.

  2. He was shivering with cold.

Why isn’t it like this, or can it be? If it can be, do they mean the same thing as the prior pair, or do they mean something else again?

  1. He died with cancer.

  2. He was shivering of cold.

  • Have you looked both words up in a dictionary? Commented Jul 4, 2019 at 10:59
  • I only used it for showing different as a preposition not as a word but by mistake didn't placed it before the latter
    – Ajay Vyas
    Commented Jul 4, 2019 at 11:09
  • @PeterJennings I looked up both words many times but I couldn't understand this difference
    – Ajay Vyas
    Commented Jul 4, 2019 at 11:11
  • 2
    The difference is that these are two different words. There is no rule any native speaker learns. And so there is no rule that you can learn. You just have to learn the usage of each word by heart, just like everyone else. That is all.
    – RegDwigнt
    Commented Jul 4, 2019 at 12:07
  • @RegDwigнt but can you explain to me what is the mean
    – Ajay Vyas
    Commented Jul 4, 2019 at 12:14

1 Answer 1


He died "of" Covid. - Covid was the actual cause of death.

He died "with" Covid - he died of causes unrelated to COVID but was found to have been tested and had COVID at the time of his death.

"Of" was used by the media and government to justify lockdowns and restrictions when they had no way of determining if COVID actually killed people. It suited their purpose to strike fear in the hearts of the nation.

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    – Community Bot
    Commented Dec 29, 2021 at 9:53
  • 1
    Your last paragraph is off topic. The first is correct, and the second is nearly correct - If somebody died with Covid it is not stated whether it was the cause of death - it may or may not be.
    – Peter
    Commented Dec 29, 2021 at 9:54

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