1
The work is done - The work was done.

The action is finished - The action was finished

For example, I have just finished my work and say

The work is done

but when I explain something in the present tense and say

the work is done by machines

it has nothing to do with actions completed in the past as in my first example.

The dinner is served means that it was served in the past and means pretty much the same thing, doesn't it?

1

The use of the present tense varies, and thus may be responsible for the confusion you are facing.

When I say that the "work is done", the word is serves as a linking verb between work, and done. done is merely an adjective for work, implying completed. This has nothing to do with is being in the present tense. Rather, the "pastness" of this comes from the adjective done.

The same applies to finished.

On the other hand, the present tense can also imply something that occurs continuously, in no particular time-frame. This is the case for "the work is done by machines". Here, done is no longer the same done as the other one. It is a verb, that is continuously happening.

Parts of speech labeling may be contested here, but the general meaning of done as an adjective, vs done as a continuous action through the auxiliary "is" remains the same.

If I say, the "shrimps are killed," we can interpret this in the context of killed being an adjective, and the shrimps have died in the past. Alternatively, killed can be a verb in the passive, implying that the killing is a continuous action rather than one event. Both are very valid scopes with which to view the usage.

I guess it's up to context to clear the carnage!

  • I have never seen so clear explanation. This is exactly what I tried to figure out. Thank you so much! – Through The Wonders May 22 '19 at 21:32
  • I'm probably going to print it and pin up on the wall! – Through The Wonders May 22 '19 at 21:35
  • you're most welcome :) – Confused Soul May 22 '19 at 21:42

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