The original sentence:

If the water was moving with the wave, the ocean and everything on it would be racing in to the shore with obviously catastrophic results.

Two questions:

  1. I like to confirm that this is a complex sentence in a subjunctive mood for both the dependent and independent clauses, although it is not typical to use a continous tense in subjunctive moods.

  2. How to understand the adverb "in" after "racing"? Is it fine to use "...racing to the shore..." or "...racing into the shore..."?

  • Not sure about your first question but for your second, the answer is yes. "In to the shore" is the same as "into the shore". Basically the same as "racing to the shore" as well, although that version doesnt specify the direction (but its obvious that the water travels "in" to the shore and not "out" to it) – max pleaner May 20 '19 at 3:12
  • @maxpleaner, thanks so much. – Charlie May 20 '19 at 3:23
  • Into does not always mean the same thing as in to, and the use of racing in to gives a different shade of meaning than racing to. All variations are grammatical, but the meaning will change (even if only subtly). Also note that racing into the shore, specifically, is somewhat nonsensical (a shore is not typically something that encloses something else), whereas racing in to the shore makes perfect sense. – Jason Bassford May 20 '19 at 18:13
  • @JasonBassford, thanks for sharing. – Charlie May 20 '19 at 19:36

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