Can you tell me which one is correct? And if there is a difference in meaning between them, can someone explain it to me?

and here is the example of the sentence

Cardiff is the capital and the largest city of Wales, located
a) in southern Wales
b) in the south of Wales
c) in the southern part of Wales

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  • They are all correct (grammatical). – Jason Bassford May 14 at 17:16
  • thank you so much for clarifying me – Siranush A May 14 at 18:12
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    @JasonBassford — And how does the poster to know if you are correct? – David May 14 at 18:50

Hee, hee. All of them are ‘wrong’ in the sense that they are not standard usage in Britain.

South Wales

…is what people say (and have been saying for a long time, hence New South Wales, the former British colony and now a state in Australia).

See, for example the Wikipedia entry, this tourist guide and a newspaper, The South Wales Argus.

  • but can we use South Wales in this example....."Cardiff is the capital and the largest city of Wales,located South Wales'' i don't think this is right... – Siranush A May 14 at 18:18
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    @SiranushA you can use it in that example, but you need in and personally I wouldn't capitalise south. Options a) and b) in your Q are also fine as far as I'm concerned. Option c) is not wrong exactly but those extra words don't really do anything, making it clumsy. – user339660 May 14 at 18:29
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    @Mari-LouA — I noticed that. Tourist Board euphemism to avoid the associations of South Wales with coal mining (now dead) and an attempt to compete with North Wales where the most scenic and well-known mountains and coast is. People can downvote me as much as they like — I know I’m right. Perhaps they resent the fact that I present evidence in support of my post, and/or that I’m a Brit. (My wife went to school in Cardiff, incidentally.) I remember answering a question on the use of Mum (rather than Mom) in Britain, which I also documented, and the poster accepted the answer of an American. – David May 14 at 18:47
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    You said All of them are ‘wrong’ in the sense that they are not standard usage in Britain. but you haven't really explained why southern Wales is "wrong". I also posted three different sources that support the expression "southern Wales" in the comment above. It doesn't seem to be nonstandard in the slightest. Perhaps if you argued that South Wales was more commonly said, I'd be less puzzled. – Mari-Lou A May 14 at 20:12

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