Why do we put subject and auxiliary verbs e.g., have, be, do at the end of the sentence? I found this kind of sentences from a fantasy book named The last apprentice by Joseph Delany.


  1. Got what I need, you have.
  2. Bossy and arrogant, he is.
  3. Try to help her, I did.
  • Are you asking under what circumstances this is done because it's not a common construction? – KillingTime Apr 26 '19 at 5:17
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    We don't, ordinarily, but Yoda never learned to put the tensed verb in the main clause, right after the subject. – Greg Lee Apr 26 '19 at 5:19
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    @Api Api did you read these expressions in a book? If so, please edit tell us its title and the name of its author. If they come from a film, give us this information too IN your question NOT in a comment. Thanks. – Mari-Lou A Apr 26 '19 at 6:04
  • @GregLee The first example sounds quite wrong but the other phrases sound as if they are a form of dated Cockney or another outdated British English dialect. – Mari-Lou A Apr 26 '19 at 6:32
  • @Mari-LouA "Outdated British English dialect"? That's rather tendentious. Cockney? I'm not sure about that. Sounds more like Welsh, it does. It's sometimes called "focus fronting" or "predicate fronting". – Rosie F May 30 '19 at 6:32

It's much more likely that the verb would be repeated at the end of the sentence by way of emphasis - "You're cute, you are" (to a baby or pet animal) - "I'm Henery the Eighth, I am." - "She's a great cook, she is."


It sounded like the writer paraphrased it in his own creative way, like how he would have narrated it in movies. (Written vs Spoken English)

  1. Do you have what I need? Yes.

  2. Is he bossy and arrogrant? Yes.

  3. Did I try to help her? Yes.

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