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„Boxer Joe Foster had fought over 100 opponents when he retired in 1994.” Why someone used Past Perfect in this senence?

  • That's used to talk about an action that was completed before some point in the past. Did you try looking it up first? This site requires that now, if I'm not mistaken. Just saying, FYI. en.oxforddictionaries.com/grammar/verb-tenses – KannE Apr 21 at 18:50
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    Note that because of the "when", if you use past simple instead, one might understand that in the moment of retirement he fought over 100 opponents. – Lucian Sava Apr 21 at 19:31
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    Is there some reason that you're using nonstandard quotation marks? I see you did this in another question too. It looks quite strange. – Jason Bassford Apr 21 at 20:48
  • Don't forget to also upvote the answer you selected, assuming that you find it useful, of course. – KannE Apr 21 at 20:49
  • Thank You very much for your help! I study English in my polish school 😁 – sylwiatko Apr 22 at 9:27
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The answer is simple and was given in the comment. Fighting 100 opponents came before the 1994 retirement (we are in 2019 now). He had done that before he retired. That’s what the past perfect means and how it‘s used. It’s just basic grammar in most all languages I know of.

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