I am wondering about the meaning of a sentence which includes the "will already have...." structure?
The exact sentence is a part of IELTS practice test which says:

" ....in today’s tutorial we’re going to discuss the essays that you have to submit by the end of next week. Some of you will have already started them,... ".


  • Will is used because the statement is a conjecture - the tutor doesn't actually know that some of the students have started but can make an educated guess. This is like they left an hour ago so they'll be there by now. ... have started is used because the starting is an event in the past with current relevance, and because the past simple cannot be used with will.
    – user339660
    Apr 21, 2019 at 14:52

1 Answer 1


That is simply a declarative clause in the Future Perfect tense.

The formula is : Subject will have Perfect Participle (Complement).

Some of you will have already started them,


will + have = future perfect auxiliary verbs

started== principle verb(in its past participle form).

them== Complement-> Direct Object.

already= just an adverb->Adjunct .

And as exactly stated in your sentence by the end of next week. Future Perfect is usually used when an action takes place before another in the future.

This website is quite comprehensive when it comes to tense. https://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/futureperfect.html

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