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I've been wondering what the context of the word "order" in say, Order of the Phoenix, The Order, Order of the Sightless Eye, etc. is? Is it order as in, command? Or.. as an opposite of chaos?

Thank you!

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    It signifies a group of people who have each received the same official honor like knighthood. Often chivalry is organized into specific groups with internal structure and ranks, like the British Order of the Garter, whose members are Knights of the Garter. – John Lawler Apr 7 at 18:20
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    A general definition of that order (per M-W): a group of people united in a formal way. merriam-webster.com/dictionary/order – KannE Apr 7 at 18:40
  • And of course I forgot the famous Order of St. Benedict (OSB), which was the first formal monastic order in Christianity. Followed by many, many other orders. – John Lawler Apr 7 at 21:44
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Order in the sense of directive is from a (much) later date than the first orders in the sense that you use it. Order in that sense came from ordo, meaning having everybody nicely lined up (rank, class), which then became a group (of people) of the same class, caste, station, or rank. Only much later did order also mean instruction or directive.

order (n.)

early 13c., "body of persons living under a religious discipline," from Old French ordre "position, estate; rule, regulation; religious order" (11c.), from earlier ordene, from Latin ordinem (nominative ordo) "row, line, rank; series, pattern, arrangement, routine," originally "a row of threads in a loom," from Italic root *ord- "to arrange, arrangement" (source of ordiri "to begin to weave;" compare primordial), which is of uncertain origin but probably from a variant of PIE root *ar- "to fit together."

Meaning "a rank in the (secular) community" is first recorded c. 1300; meaning "command, directive" is first recorded 1540s, from the notion of "to keep in order." Military and honorary orders grew our of the fraternities of Crusader knights. Business and commerce sense is attested from 1837. In natural history, as a classification of living things, it is first recorded 1760. Meaning "condition of a community which is under the rule of law" is from late 15c.

Phrase in order to (1650s) preserves etymological notion of "sequence." The word reflects a medieval notion: "a system of parts subject to certain uniform, established ranks or proportions," and was used of everything from architecture to angels. Old English expressed many of the same ideas with endebyrdnes. In short order "without delay" is from 1834, American English; order of battle is from 1769.

order (v.)

c. 1200, "give order to, to arrange in order," from order (n.). Meaning "to give orders for or to" is from 1540s. Related: Ordered; ordering.

https://www.etymonline.com/word/order

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