I wish to describe groups people who live in the land of their ancestors. In other words, people who live in the same region as their ancestors have since time immemorial.
Words that come to mind are:
- natives peoples
- indigenous inhabitants
- aboriginal peoples
- first peoples
However, these words often evoke stereotypical images of tribes living in mud/straw huts in the middle of desert, tropical forest, or special reservation. These words are sometimes used in contexts that suggest that the people are primitive and less civilized.
Another problem is that the dominant people or culture are not always automatically included in the label "natives". For example, in the case of Japan, "the natives" is associated more with the Ainu people than the Yamato people, even when both of these groups are indigenous inhabitants of Japan. Another example:
English is the ancestral language of the aboriginal people of England.
This sentence sounds incorrect.
I wish to include the dominant people, and avoid stereotypical images when saying "the natives". Which words or phrases can I replace that with?