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I am confused about this word "attached" when I receive a letter begins like this: Dear XX, attached is a document for…… Here, the word "attached" is used somehow like a noun which means attachment, is that right?

  • attached is the attachment :) – Smock Apr 5 '19 at 13:06
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[1] Dear XX, a document for x is attached.

[2] Dear XX, attached is a document for x

No: "attached" is not a noun but an adjective.

This is about subject-dependent inversion:

[1] is the basic version, but [2] combines the preposing of the AdjP "attached" and postposing of the subject NP "a document for x".

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  • What is an AdjP? (Do English words admit of this typographical form?) What is an NP? – Toothrot Apr 5 '19 at 20:03
  • @Toothrot AdjP=adjective phrase, NP=noun phrase. These are fairly standard abbreviations throughout the world of grammar. The others are VP (verb phrase), DP (determinative phrase), AdvP (adverb phrase), PP (preposition phrase). – BillJ Apr 6 '19 at 6:51
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No, attached is an adjective adjected to the noun document. What confuses you is the word order. Your example is equivalent to

.. a document for .. is attached.

Changing the word order does not change the role of attached.

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  • Ach so! Vielen Dank! Thank you very much! – Sissel Apr 5 '19 at 13:42

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